# Tag Archives: mobius band

## reflector circle at a punctured torus

Sea $T_o$ un toro 2-dimensional donde hemos removido un disco cerrado,
sea $S=T_o\cup_{\partial}\bar{A}$ donde $\bar{A}$ es aro $S^1\times I$ con $S^1\times 0$ es la frontera
de una “vecindad” de una curva cerrada simple reflectora, y $S^1\times 1$ como la curva reflectora. Tal “aro reflector”, $\bar{A}$ tiene como^ orbifold – grupo fundamental a $\pi_1(\bar{A})=\Bbb{Z}\times{\Bbb{Z}}_2$. Entonces el producto amalgamado es:

Esto es divertido por que es bien sabido que la superficie cerrada de género tres no orientable, $N_3$ tiene presentación parecida a esta última.

Observemos que las respectivas abelianizaciones son $\mathbb{Z}^2+\mathbb{Z}_2$

Entonces es ¿cierto o no qué el concepto de curva reflectora dado por P.Scott no sea el mismo que el de curva reflectora en una superficie no orientable?

Recuerde que, poner una curva reflectora a una superficie orientable es para hacer una superficie no orientable de tipo $T\#\cdots\#T\#{\Bbb{R}}P^2$ de género impar, donde $T$ es el toro 2D.

^ footnote{Ref[P. Scott en 424p. “The Geometries of 3-Manifolds“, 1983]}

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## Moxi: the cartesian product of the mobius-strip and an interval MoxI is a solid Klein bottle, the genus one nonorientable handlebody. Here we see it with some typical curves on

MoreandMore

look a rough view

Filed under cucei math, fiber bundle

## geodesics in the band with better numerical resolution Filed under differential equations, differential geometry, geometry

## perturbated core curve

the core curve of the mobius strip perturbated by $0.1\cos(11\ t)$ But if we use $0.4\cos(12.5t)\sin(3t)\cos(t)$ Filed under cucei math, differential geometry

## four geodesics in the band on the right of this post you can see 4 (approximately) geodesics in the mobius strip, one is transversal to the core curve and the others (three)  begin at that transversal… One almost can see that all geodesics in the surface have curvature but without 3d torsion… would it be a theorem?

Rendered with Mathematica-6.

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Filed under fiber bundle, multilinear algebra, topology

## can you see a solid torus? The image on the right is a solid torus with four lateral annulus in colours: orange, green, yellow and blue.

Solid tori are important elementary type of 3-manifolds. Also called orientable genus one handlebodies and can be fibered -in the sense of Seifert- by longitudinal circles, and in many different ways.

Among three dimensional technologeeks, they are customed to see a solid torus that can be fibered as the $M\ddot{o}\stackrel{\sim}\times I$, the twisted interval bundle over the Möbius strip.  In constrast $M\ddot{o}\times I$ is the genus one non orientable handlebody: the solid Klein bottle. Isn’t difficult to prove that they are the only two $I$-bundles over $M\ddot{o}$

Filed under fiber bundle, topology

## a non orientable 3d-manifold with boundary

The picture on the right is representation and a description of its parts of  a 3d chunk, it is the trivial $I$-bundle over the möbius-strip, $M\ddot{o}\times I$. It is  useful to determine which 3d spaces are non orientable.

A 3d-space is non orientable if it has a simple closed curve whose 3d regular neighborhood is homeomorphic to the model of the picture.

If we denote by $C\ddot{o}$ the core of the möbius strip, you can deduce for the curve $C\ddot{o}\times\{\frac{1}{2}\}$ (the black pearled one) that its tangent bundle can’t be embedded in the tangent bundle of $\mathbb{R}^3$ or in any other tangent bundle of an orientable one.

Remember $N_2$ is the Klein bottle. Let’s the image talks by itself.

Ah, il nome di questo grande pezzo è la bottiglia solida di Klein.