permutational wreath product


Having an action G\times R\to R between two groups means a map (g,r)\mapsto ^g\!r that comply

  • {^1}r=r
  • ^{xy}r=\ ^x(^yr)
  • ^x(rs)=\ ^xr ^xs

Then one can assemble a new operation on R\times G to construct the semidirect product R\rtimes G. The group obtained is by operating

(r,g)(s,h)=(r\ {^h}s,g\ h).

Let \Sigma be a set and A^{\Sigma} the set of all maps \Sigma\to A. If we have an action \Sigma\times G\to\Sigma then, we also can give action G\times A^{\Sigma}\to A^{\Sigma} via

gf(x)=f(xg)

Then we define

A\wr_{\Sigma}G=A^{\Sigma}\rtimes G

the so called permutational wreath product.

This ultra-algebraic construction allow to give a proof  of two pillars theorems in group theory: Nielsen – Schreier and Kurosh.

The proof becomes functorial due the properties of this wreath product.

The following diagram is to be exploited

Ribes - Steinberg 2008

Ribes – Steinberg 2008

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Filed under algebra, free group, group theory, math, maths, what is math

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